Gastric banding is surgical weight loss treatment. It is also known as a laparoscopic stomach band operation, lap band surgery, laparoscopic gastric banding procedure, or minimal access bariatric banding operation for overweight management.
An individual is an ideal candidate for gastric banding surgery if one is morbidly obese and suffers from obesity related health problems that significantly interfere with employment, physical mobility or family function. People with a Body Mass Index (BMI) above 35 and suffer from diabetes or any other serious obesity-related conditions such as heart disease, severe sleep apnea, respiratory insufficiency, and heart burn reflux disease are also good candidates for gastric banding.
The gastric banding procedure for obesity management was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2001. Adjustable gastric band surgery is a completely reversible (removable band) procedure performed laparoscopically or through a key hole route using 5 small skin incisions. A hollow silicone band or ring with an inflatable balloon fitted on the inside is wrapped around the upper part of the stomach to create a smaller stomach. Small quantities of food can fill up the smaller stomach providing satisfaction/satiety. After gastric band placement, the narrow outlet of this small stomach delays progression of food into intestine leading to the person feeling full for a longer period of time.
Gastric Band Adjustments - Adjusting the size of the opening between the two parts of the stomach controls the amount of food to pass from the smaller upper to the larger lower part. This opening between the two parts of the stomach can easily be decreased or increased by inflating or deflating the band. As an outpatient procedure, the surgeon or nurse practitioner can later control the amount of saline in the band by piercing the reservoir through the skin with a fine needle. Being able to adjust the band is a unique feature of the gastric lap band system and is a normal part of the follow-up treatment by which the weight loss can be controlled.
Benefits of Lap Band - Because of the gastric lap band’s ability to be adjusted or removed, it provides a viable option for patients with excessive fat. Significant advantages include shorter hospital stays and no adverse effects on the absorption of nutrients.
Expected Weight Loss - This weight loss program or weight reduction plan is not intended as a quick weight management system. The estimated weight loss is approximately 40 - 50% of an individual’s excess weight to be achieved over 2 years.
Medical risks, complications and side effects - Gastric lap band complications and side effects are minimal but may include nausea, gastric reflux, vomiting, band slippage or dilation, poor esophageal functionality, initial digestive and absorptive irregularities, constipation, diarrhea, stomach obstruction, difficulty in swallowing, and band or port reservoir problems.